Monday, December 27, 2010
Weak current College】 【electrostatic prevention electric glossary】.
<br> <br> Define acceptance testing (Acceptance testing) <br> To carry out tests to confirm with the appropriate tags and electrical functions of the data. Data is intuitive, and has the exact evaluation or "pass / fail" mark. .<br> Air conductivity (Air conductivity) <br> Air in an electric field under the influence of the current conduction (via). <br> Air ion (Air ion)) <br> Approximately 10 molecular molecule Group (water, impurities ., etc.), constraints by polarization force into separate live oxygen or nitrogen molecule. <br> Air ion generator (Air Ionizer) <br> Live air molecules source (ion). <br> Ankle band (Ankle strap) <br> .See Add zone (Ground Strap). <br> Antistatic agent (Antistat, agent) <br> Partial or local application of a substance in the material, the material surface is the electrostatic dissipative or on sensitivity of frictional electrification. <br> Antistatic .(Antistatic) <br> Usually refers to material on the characteristics of friction electrification. Note: the material of the antistatic characteristics of unnecessary and its impedance or resistance. <br> Auxiliary earthing (Auxiliary ground) <br> Separate additional grounding conductor that .is different from the conventional use of grounding device. <br> Masking tape (Barrier strip) <br> A metal strip and connector or screw the composition of the equipment or installation, on an electrostatic discharge protection for workstations provides a variety of different components .of the conductor or conductor Terminal and connections. <br> Bipolar ion generator (Bipolar ionizer) <br> Produce positive and negative ions. <br> Human contact with the body (Body Contacting Mechanism) (BCM) <br> And the human .body produces electrical contact with the ground is part of the foot. <br> Combine or link (Bond or Bonding) <br> Metal parts for permanent connections, forming an electrical conduction pathways to enforce guarantee electrical continuity and securely transmit any current capacity. .<br> Separation force (Breakaway force) <br> Apart from the wrist strap grounded on the strength required. <br> Bus (Bus bar) <br> A metal or a metal rod, which can be one of the few conductors. .<br> CDM ESD detector (CDM ESD Tester) <br> Use non-socket test method, with the charging device model (Charged Device Model) analog components ESD phenomenon level of equipment. (In the standard "detector" in categorized in) .<br> Charge decay (Charge decay) <br> Net reduction of static charge and (or) and. <br> Electric induction (Charge induction) <br> An insulated conductor is placed in an electric field in (for example, from .a charged body) of the charge transfer. Note: at this moment grounding conductor will enable it to obtain a net charge of. <br> Charged device model (Charged device model) <br> When a device with insulation and earthing first charge, .can display the generate static discharge characteristics of the circuit. <br> Charged plate monitor (Charged plate monitor) (CPM) <br> A device for measuring ionization and charge properties in the tool. <br> Cold recovery (Cold healing) < .br> A caused by electrostatic discharge parameters of the product, at room temperature of natural recovery. <br> Cooling station (Cold workstation) <br> A black box product, component, or the system does not use the energy of the work area .. <br> Public bonding (Common point ground) <br> (1) connects two or more conductors of a grounding device. <br> (2) in order to connect two or more grounding conductor to the same potential systems or methods. .<br> Component (Component) <br> A finished product, such as resistors, the Poles tube, transistor, and hybrid circuits. <br> Component failure (Component failure) <br> One of the tested components do not conform to one .or more of the provisions of the static or dynamic parameter data. <br> On the components of the static parameter is non-functional State (spare parts). These parameters may include, but are not limited to: input leakage current, input, .votalge, high and low output voltage, output drive current, and power supply current. <br> On the components of the dynamic parameters is to achieve functional status (running). These parameters may include, but are not limited to: full functionality, .the load output rise and fall time, and description of the dynamic currents. <br> Compressed gas ion generator (Compressed gas ionizer) <br> Ionization device at the same time, using high pressure gas and surface charge and clear the surface of the .particles. Ion generator of this type in the products and equipment for internal use ionizing gas. <br> Conductive materials (Conductive Material) <br> Material surface resistivity is less than 1 x 105 ohms / square or volume resistivity is less than 1 x .104 ohm-cm. <br> Conductive materials (Conductive Materials) <br> Material surface resistance less than 1 x 104 ohm or volume resistance less than 1 x 104 ohm. <br> Conductivity (Conductivity) <br> (1) materials .in electric field per unit area of the current ratio (current density). Conductivity of units with "Siemens / meter". <br> (2) in the non-technology, used as the ability to conduct electricity. <br> Contact mode .discharge (Contact-mode Discharge) <br> An ESD phenomenon is passed to the internal components. This pass is composed of a probe is connected to the symbol pin, but this component is not in a outlet. <br> Contact mode, non .-outlet discharge (Contact-mode, non-socketed discharge) <br> An ESD is passed to the internal components. This pass is composed of a probe is connected to the symbol pin, but this component is not in a outlet. <br .> Corona (Corona) <br> A very partial high electric field generated positive and negative ions. This field is typically used in a high voltage with a sharp point of a conductor or metal wire and established. <br> Wristband (Cuff) < .br> Wrist strap buckle on the part of the wrist. Wristband with electrical contact with human skin. <br> Current limiting resistor (Current Limiting Resistance) <br> With wrist strap-line electrical grounding resistance value of sum. This resistance in users .inadvertently and potential contacts, can limit the electricity through Earth wire. <br> Parameter data tables (Data sheet parameters) <br> By component manufacturers or users components, static and / or dynamic performance data, including the components, static and / or .dynamic characteristics. <br> Decay rate (Decay rate) <br> Each unit time charge or voltage reductions. <br> Decay time (Decay time) <br> The electrostatic potential reduced to its initial value of the setting of a percentage ( .typically 10%). (See static decay tests (Static Decay Test).) <br> Dielectric (Dielectric) <br> Insulation materials that can withstand an electric field and small currents. <br> Dielectric Breakdown voltage (Dielectric breakdown voltage) .<br> Spanning both sides of the insulation material, causing a sudden increase of electric current through the insulation material of potential. <br> Dielectric strength (Dielectric strength) <br> A dielectric can withstand the maximum electric field. <br> Dissipative .materials (Dissipative Materials) <br> Surface resistance is greater than or equal to 1 x 104 ohm but less than 1 x 1011 ohms, or volume resistance is greater than or equal to 1 x 104 ohm but less than 1 x1011 ohm material. < .br> Discharge time (Discharge time) <br> Let the voltage (due to electrostatic discharge) attenuation from the initial value to an arbitrary selection of the final value of the time required. <br> Test equipment (DUT) <br> Testing .device (Device Under Test). On this device will impose a short motivation. <br> Dynamic parameters (Dynamic parameters) <br> Dynamic parameters are those that meet the conditions in a combination of parameters. These may include, but are not limited .to: full functionality, in a specified load conditions output and lowering of the dynamic range, and current consumption. <br> Dynamically (Dynamic state) <br> Equipment in accordance with its design features in dynamic in the running state. Typical, input .value, input / output, and output pin press equipment operations and transformation. In a dynamic, supply current will pass through the visible display data rating (IDDNOM) range. <br> Charge (Electric charge) <br> The lack or excess of .electrons. <br> Electric field shielding materials (Electric Field Shielding Materials) <br> Surface resistance or volume resistance less than 1 x 103. <br> Electric ion generator (Electrical ionizer) <br> A gas utilization of high-voltage electrodes .produce ion device. <br> Electrical overload (Electrical Overstress) (EOS) <br> An object of the current or voltage in excess of its maximum rated value of exposing the phenomenon. This phenomenon may or may not result in serious trouble. < .br> Electrification cycle (Electrification period) <br> Five (5) times the average number of electrification time, plus five (5) seconds. <br> Electrification time (Electrification time) <br> In order to make resistance measuring instrument of .resistance range accessories, confirm that the values were achieved stable time. <br> Electrostatic charge (Electrostatic charge) <br> Static electric charge. <br> Electrostatic damage (Electrostatic damage) <br> Object changes caused by electrostatic discharge, causing it .to one or more required parameters are not eligible. <br> ESD (Electrostatic discharge) (ESD) <br> Due to a high electric field causes the electrostatic charge transfer quickly and spontaneously. Note: usually when the second static bit different objects close .together, the charge through the sparks between them. This process details, such as the charge transfer rate, in particular electrostatic discharge model description. <br> Electrostatic discharge control (Electrostatic discharge control) <br> See static control (Static Control). .<br> ESD grounding (Electrostatic discharge ground) <br> Point, electrode, bus, Metal bars, or other conductor systems, forming a line from a static electricity or object to the path. <br> Electrostatic discharge protection zone (Electrostatic discharge .protected area) (EPA) <br> Has a limit of electrostatic potential material and equipment in a specific environment. <br> Electrostatic discharge protection (Electrostatic discharge protective) <br> Material properties, with one or more of the following capacities: to .reduce static electricity generation, eliminating electrostatic charge, shielding electrostatic discharge or shielding electrostatic field. <br> Electrostatic discharge protection station (protective Electrostatic discharge station) <br> A required protective materials and equipment for construction and equipment, to limit the damage of ESD .sensitive products. <br> Electrostatic discharge protection flags (Electrostatic discharge protective symbol) <br> Used to identify the need for electrostatic discharge protection products of special design graphics. <br> Electrostatic discharge protection workstations (Electrostatic discharge protective workstation) <br> .A required protective materials and equipment for construction and equipment, to limit the damage of ESD sensitive products. <br> Electrostatic discharge protection face (Electrostatic discharge protective worksurface) <br> A work surface, placed on the surface of materials or from surface itself .eliminates electrostatic charge. <br> Electrostatic discharge sensitivity (Electrostatic discharge sensitivity) (ESDS) <br> Caused by the failure of ESD level devices. (Note: Please refer to the electrostatic discharge-sensitive (Electrostatic discharge susceptibility). <br> .Electrostatic discharge protection cover (Electrostatic discharge shield) <br> A barrier or enclosures, to limit the current of pathways and attenuation caused by electrostatic discharge of electromagnetic fields. <br> ESD transient test (Electrostatic discharge spark testing) <br> On the .operations of equipment or parts to be tested to determine their production due to air discharge phenomena of transient EMF sensitivity. <br> Electrostatic discharge-sensitive (Electrostatic discharge susceptibility) <br> Is the tendency of electrostatic discharge damage. (See electrostatic discharge sensitivity .(Electrostatic discharge sensitivity).) <br> Electrostatic discharge-sensitive rating (Electrostaticdischargesusceptibility classification) <br> Products in accordance with the ESD sensitivity rating voltage values. Note: there are different methods of classification. <br> Electrostatic discharge-sensitive markers .(Electrostatic discharge susceptibility symbol) <br> In order to identify the electrostatic discharge-sensitive products, placed in the hardware, parts, and graphic files. Electrostatic discharge for sensitive products (Electrostatic discharge susceptible item) <br> With ESD sensitivity levels of .electrical or electronic components, devices, components, parts or equipment. ESD voltage (voltage withstand Electrostatic discharge) <br> Does not cause the component failure of maximum static discharge levels. Electrostatic field (Electrostatic field) <br> Due to the existence of .the charge, in the space of attraction or repulsion force. Electrostatic bits (Electrostatic potential) <br> A point and a voltage difference between the baseline. Electrostatic shield (Electrostatic shield) <br> With a barrier or encapsulation of to restrict the penetration .of electrostatic field. Electrostatics (Electrostatics) <br> Study of electrostatic charge and its role in the subject. Transmitter (Emitter) <br> Conductive objects, usually a sharp needle or metal wire, when kept in high potential, will cause the corona .discharge. Electrical overload (EOS) <br> See electrical overload (Electrical Overstress). Equipment ground fault (ground Equipment) <br> (1) equipment grounding of grounding conductor in equipment at the end of any part. <br> (2 .) a three line socket terminals (green). <br> (3) part from electrical equipment into a hard grounding electrode of the entire low impedance path. Electrostatic discharge (ESD) <br> See ESD (Electrostatic Discharge). ESD grounding ( .ESD ground) <br> Point, electrode, bus, metal tape, or other conductor systems, forming a human from static electricity or access to the object. ESD protection (ESD protective) <br> Have one or more of the following capacity of .material characteristics: prevent electrostatic, makes the static charge on its surface or volume on the lift, or provide ESD shielding or electrostatic field. ESD protection (ESD protective station) <br> One of the required protectionConservation materials and equipment for construction and equipment of .the region, to limit the ESD sensitive products in which the damage by touch. ESD sensitivity (ESD sensitivity) <br> See electrostatic discharge sensitivity (Electrostatic discharge sensitivity) and electrostatic discharge-sensitive (Electrostatic discharge susceptibility). ESD voltage (ESD withstand .voltage) <br> Does not cause the component failure, the maximum voltage levels. Electrostatic discharge-sensitive (ESDS) <br> See electrostatic discharge-sensitive (Electrostatic Discharge Susceptible) and electrostatic discharge sensitivity (Electrostatic Discharge Sensitivity). Assessment tests ( .Evaluation testing) <br> Determine the electrical and mechanical properties of the wristband a strict test, data to laboratory testing of numerical representation. Failure limit (Failure Threshold) <br> Power supply current values, when exceeded, considered the device has been compromised ., known as the failure limit current. Faraday cage (Faraday cage) <br> A conductive the shell, it will decay of the rest of the static field. Inductive charging field (Field induced charging) <br> A use static induction charging methods .. Final test voltage (Final Test Voltage) <br> Discharge time after the end of the test, in periodic inspection instrument test plate voltage. Floor contact surface (Floor Contacting Surface) (FCS) <br> On the ground surface constitutes the electrical .connection of the Earth is part of the foot. Flooring / kick grounding system resistance (Flooring / Foot Grounder System Resistance) <br> When the foot ground for being dressed and people standing on the floor in the static control when the total resistance. Foot .ground (Foot Grounder) <br> Wear the shoes of personnel grounding device. Foot ground system (Foot Grounder System) <br> A human body wear foot ground, its electrical pathway includes the human body and foot grounding device. Foot grounding system resistance .(Foot Grounder System Resistance) <br> On the foot of the grounding for total resistance measurements shall be taken by people wearing and standing in a stainless steel plate measurement. Functional status (Functional State) <br> The device is operating modes defined status .for its functionality. Functional testing (Functional testing) <br> Confirm that the end-use of the electrical performance test. Data to "pass / fail" or a number that represents the form. Peripheral system (Garment system) <br> Static .control external electrical interconnection of any component. Earth (Ground) <br> (1) a circuit or device, whether intentional or accidental, and Earth, or some alternate Earth location of transmission between transmission connection objects. <br> (2) the .location or locations on the Earth is zero potential. <br> (3) a land that is used as the current return path of transmission objects, such as steel vessels of the shell, and arbitrary zero reference point. Grounding cords (Ground cord) .<br> Wrist strap, with removable wrist around sex, completed between the set and electrical connections, ensure the flexibility of movement. Earth current (Ground Current) <br> Outflow of grounding plug. Ground fault circuit breaker (Ground fault circuit interrupter) .<br> A protection officer of the device, its function is to determine the period of time, delay-on a circuit or part of the circuit. Among them, and the difference between the current battle over a number of predetermined values, it started ., this overcurrent, protecting power circuit devices. This current of differences is often caused by ground currents. Grounding wire (Ground lead) <br> Wrist strap when wrist set and even between the grounding system, provide an action the circuit. Grounding plug ( .Ground Pin) <br> Returns the current to the power plug or plug group called grounding plug. Ground reference points (Ground reference point) <br> Ground reference point is the equipment grounding on the Fork shape, free hand soldering to a workstation grounding .. For example: (a) the AC power cord grounding plug; (b) Earth wire banana plugs on; (c) ground jumper on the ring or spade lug. Add zone (Ground strap) <br> (1) used to provide .an electrical grounding pathways of conductors. <br> (2) provide for a defined resistance grounding pathway components. Grounding (Groundable point) <br> A specific connection or combination for electrostatic discharge protection materials or equipment, to provide an appropriate electrical grounding. .ESD protective ground receiving stations of materials (Groundable point ESD protective floor material) <br> Floor material on a point to give ground materials provide an electrical connection of a suitable answer. Seat socket locations (Groundable point, seating) <br> Conductive feet .round or grounding cable chains for all set to the static control, between the ground or cushions provide an electrical circuit. Has Earth (Grounded) <br> Is connected to or in place of some asOther conductive objects. Has grounded conductor (Grounded conductor) .<br> A are intentionally grounded system or circuit conductor. Grounding conductor (Grounding conductor) <br> Used to connect to a device or a cabling system earthing circuit to grounding electrodes or ground electrode group of conductors. Grounding resistance (Grounding resistance) < .br> A conductive path from any point on the resistance between the grounding electrode. Hard ground (Hard ground) <br> Through wires or other conductor connection to, with very little or almost no earth resistance (resistance). Fibreboard (standard or adjusted .) (Hardboard (Standard or Tempered)) <br> Fiber woven and repression or packet of metal foil heavy solid sheet. (Massonite company Mason Knight fibreboard, is one of several available sheet products. HBM ESD tester) (HBM ESD Tester) < .br> Human body model (human body model) electrostatic discharge tester. Horizontal laminar flow (Horizontal laminar flow) <br> Horizontal non-turbulent air flow. Thermal station (Hot work station) <br> With objects, components, black box, .or a system with a power supply is used to test or repair of a work area. Human body model (Human body model) <br> An electrostatic discharge circuits, analog data conform to the standard conditions of waveform ESD-S5.1 show a .typical person fingertip discharge characteristics. Human body model for ESD (Human body model ESD) <br> An ESD, comply with the standards stipulated in the conditions of the wave type, approximate the human fingertip from typical discharge. Human body model for electrostatic discharge .(Human body model electrostatic discharge) <br> An ESD, standard ESD waveform conditions in S5.1, approximate from typical human fingertip electrostatic discharge phenomena. Human body model for electrostatic discharge Tester (Human body model electrostatic discharge tester) <br> Equipment .that applies Human Body Model electrostatic discharges to a component. <br> On a component using the human body model for electrostatic discharge device. Impedance (Impedance) <br> A circuit on the flow of AC current to provide total obstruction (ie, resistance .or reactor). It is measured in ohms, ohmic value is lower, the better the quality of the conductor. Impedance z (Impedance n. Symbol z) <br> In an AC circuit current flow measuring total resists comprises two parts, ohm resistors .and reactance, usually symbolic Z = R + iX said here is ohm resistors R, and x is the reactor. Impedance measurement units used in ohms to. Inductive charging (Inductive charging) <br> An object that, when it in an electric field .in an instant charge transfer at the time of the grounding. Initial test voltage (Initial Test Voltage) <br> Discharge time testing begins, after regular calibration of equipment for testing the voltage on the Board. Input protection (Input protection) <br> .Connection in the Widget, equipment or network input, in order to prevent electrostatic discharge damage components. Insulated conductor (Insulated conductor) <br> Mounted on the thickness of the proven electrical insulating materials inside the conductor. Insulating materials (Insulative Materials) <br .> Minimum surface resistance 1 x 1012 ohms / square or volume resistance 1 x 1011 ohm-cm. Interface boards (Interface Board) <br> The top of the interface board and tester bottom of 256 PIN plate connection, together constitute a 512 pin test .Simulator. Ionization (Ionization) <br> From neutral atoms or molecules get positive or negative charge. Ion generator (Ionizer) <br> Generate positive and / or negative air ions. Stranded conductor (Isolated conductor) <br> No grounding conductors. .Isolated grounding of the vessel (Isolated ground receptacle) <br> A vessel's grounding type, because the container method of installation, the container and equipment grounding conductor Terminal contact, and is electrically isolated. Knot damage (Junction damage) <br> Electrical overload .damage on semiconductor junction. Laminar flow hood ionization (Laminar flow hood ionization) <br> Some of the equipment or system, in the vertical or horizontal laminar flow hood, or on the bench, provide local coverage area of ionization. Blocking effects (Latch .-Up) <br> Locking hint the complementary effects of metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) inherent parasitic bipolar transistors (knot) of the activation process. When activated, resulting in large and sustained increase of the supply current, so that these transistors formed .a latch. This status until the power supply is removed after the still valid or if the device itself is damaged. At this point, the device is typically non-functional State. Locking effect typically is in one or more multiple-PIN by overvoltage or .overcurrent. Potential failure (Latent failure) <br> Occur during normal operations. <br> Note: failure may belong to an earlierElectrostatic discharge phenomena. The concept of potential failure is controversial, but not all of the technical groups to accept all. Machine .model (Machine model) <br> Electrostatic discharge simulation test, is based on a charge of 200 slightly Farah capacitors, and zero ohm series resistance (nominal) discharge network. The actual series resistance and inductance series consists of a test project by a short .wire current waveform. This simulation test approximates a machine of electrostatic discharge. Machine model (MM) electrostatic discharge (Machine model (MM) electrostatic discharge) <br> In line with the standard indicator of an ESD phenomenon. Main cross-wiring (Main .bonding jumper) <br> In ground circuit conductors and equipment provide connectivity between the grounding conductor. A small number of carriers surge (Minority Carrier Flood) <br> Composition with reverse voltage transient excitation superimposed on VDD (connected to the scene effects tube drain .D power supply) power. ESD detector machine model (MM ESD tester) <br> Application equipment. Constitute a machine model for a component to electrostatic discharge. Charged plate monitor (Monitor, charge (d) plate) <br> An instrument used .for measuring ions equipment charge and characteristics. <br> And (Neutralize) <br> Through positive and negative charges again combo, or transmit any kind of charge to the ground, or equivalent in the opposite charge, to eliminate a electrostatic field. Nominal .power supply current (Nominal Supply Current) <br> Nominal power supply current in all formal operation scenario possible supply current range. Non-contact, non-outlet discharge (Non-contact mode, non-socketed discharge) <br> The probe tip .near device PIN ESD phenomena caused by a, this device is not placed in a outlet. Nuclear ion generator (Nuclear ionizer) <br> Usually consists of α-ray from the gas molecules to deprive e, until the formation of gas in an equal .number of positive and negative ions of an ion generation equipment. Residual voltage (Offset voltage) <br> From the placement in ionization environment charger Board monitors the conductive panels for insulation, observed voltage. Power outlet (Outlet) <br> (1) .connected to the power supply and plug equipped with a socket of the container. <br> (2) a wiring system connection point to the application equipment supply current. Output protection (Output protection) <br> The output of the object, the connection .component, equipment or network, to prevent electrostatic discharge. Oxidation layer breakdown (Oxide punch-through) <br> Oxide layers of insulation breakdown, such as in a semiconductor device. Passive ion generator (Passive ionizer) <br> A device, usually .a sharp pointed needle, close to the ground discharge surface, forming a air ion conduction pathways. Residual voltage peak (Peak offset voltage) <br> For pulsed ion generator, its each polarity of residual voltage maximum value by ion generator cycle in the positive .and negative output cycle. Periodic verification (Periodic verification) <br> After testing indicated that, from the initial data beyond the limits of the selected, air Ionic generator performance does not change. Personnel grounding device (Personnel grounding device) <br> Electrostatic .discharge protection device, any human on the accumulation of static charge-discharge to the ground. <br> Note: personnel grounding impedance ground must be high enough to avoid electrical accidents. Graphic materials (Planar material) <br> Objects have sufficiently large and .flat surface, suitable for electrode surface, used to measure the electrical properties of materials. Point to point resistance (Point-to-point resistance) <br> From any place on the surface of the second electrode measurement between the ohm resistors. Point to .point resistance (clothing) (Point-to-point resistance (Garments)) <br> In the same cloth surface, or in an article of clothing in two different cloth, from one point to another point determination of Ohm resistor. Affirm clamping socket .(Positive Clamp Socket) <br> A positive clamping of test sockets have a zero insertion force (ZIF) socket and a clamping mechanism. Pretreatment (Preconditioning) <br> Transform a device state and apply the appropriate signal until you achieve the desired functionality .of the program. Socket (Receptacle) <br> In order to connect the attachment plug, installed in the output of a contact device. Resistance range (Resistance range) <br> User-specified high-end and low-end resistance value that .defines the user acceptable wristband or wristband system resistance values. Earth resistance (Resistance to ground) <br> Placed on the surface of an electrode and ground measured between ohm resistors values. Docking stations of resistance (Resistance to groundable point) <br> Placed .on the surface of an electrode and an Earth point measured between ohm resistors values. Vibration (Ringing) <br> High-frequency oscillation on superimposed on the waveform. Room ionization (Room ionization) <br> Provide extensive air ions ionization system. Auxiliary .equipment (Serviceequipment) <br> The necessary equipment, usually consisting of circuit breaker or switch and fuse as well as their accessories, is located in a building or other structure, or an intention to make up the main control and cut off the power of .the other defined area near the entrance of the power cord. Short circuit components (Short Module) <br> In addition to 1 or 14 pin, so that all the pins with a short 14-pin plastic packaging components. Shunt (Shunting bar) .<br> The ESD sensitive products terminal with short circuit, a short-circuit equipotential surface. Sleeve to sleeve of resistance (Sleeve-to-Sleeve Resistance) <br> From the clothes of the cuff to the same dress of another cuff measured ohmic .resistance values. Rotation rate (Slew Rate) <br> Voltage signal changes in the maximum rate. It expresses the voltage unit per time unit. Socket device model (Socketed Device Model) (SDM) <br> An approximate discharge model, now test .systems, including IC, sockets and test Simulator RLC additional components of the total charge storage, by testing the system relay matrix, release to the other low electrostatic potentials of objects (ground). Socket device model (SDM) Tester (Socketed Device Model ( .SDM) Tester) <br> In a outlet simulation component socket device model electrostatic discharge (ESD SDM) phenomenon level of equipment. Contact discharge (Socketed Discharge) <br> A removable isolation material placed in the current floor, ground personnel, equipment, .or other objects, or ground to control the accumulation of static charge generation and related material to dissipate static charge. Sparks, instantaneous discharge (Spark) <br> A very short time, the normality of the second conductor of the gas was breakdown between..